The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly and it is located in mid of the neck slowly and besides to our neck muscles, but anterior to the trachea or airway.
Through the hormones, it builds, the thyroid gland impacts almost all of the metabolic activity in your body. Thyroid disorders can scale from a small, harmless goiter (enlarged gland) that needs no treatment to life-threatening cancer. The most common thyroid problems involve the abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Too much thyroid hormone results in a condition known as hyperthyroidism. Insufficient hormone production leads to hypothyroidism.
The major handle of thyroid hormone synthesis and secretion resides at the level of the pituitary gland, a small endocrine gland that occupies at the bottom of the brain. The pituitary gland, when performing normally, can correctly sense whether the amount of circulating thyroid hormone is suitable, and handles the thyroid gland via production and release of a pituitary hormone known as thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Diseases of the thyroid may be capricious categorized into problems of thyroid hormone production (too much=Hyperthyroidism) or (not enough=Hypothyroidism) or thyroid growth or enlargement (diffuse symmetrical enlargement, single or multiple benign nodules or thyroid cancer). Some patients may have both a bother in thyroid function and may also have an expand thyroid with one or more thyroid nodules. When thyroid disease produces as a result of problems with the thyroid gland itself, it is raised to as Primary Thyroid Dysfunction (hypo or hyperthyroidism, etc). Alternatively, if thyroid hormone levels are unusual as a consequence of hypothalamic or pituitary problems, this is referred to as Secondary Thyroid Dysfunction (hypo or hyperthyroidism, etc).
The examination of the thyroid can be brought about from the front or back position. The neck is curved to relax the neck muscles, which can be affably displaced to examine each thyroid lobe. In many examples, the deep fiddle of the neck is necessary to feel the thyroid gland, which often elicits an uncomfortable choking sensation. Some supremacy advocates self-examination of the thyroid using the “thyroid neck check”. While in front of a mirror, focus on your neck and swallow some water. If a large bump or asymmetric swelling becomes visible, see your physician for a more complete neck examination.
This Website is grown in part as a response to the proliferation of thyroid-related internet sites, many of which contain unreliable non-validated information and content of questionable reliability. Wherever possible, this site provides links to topical references in the medical and scientific information to allow patients to understand the scientific basis for facts, medical decisions, and recommendations. Patients are strongly inspired to read widely about their thyroid disease to better understand their specific thyroid condition, and the various related diagnostic and treatment regimens. Evaluation carefully the information on the Internet from sources that may or may not represent the opinions of trustworthy highly trained and experienced health professionals. Wherever possible, this site provides links to typical original references in the medical and scientific literature to allow patients to understand the scientific basis for medical decisions and recommendations.